fabulous junk - stainless steel water bottles
Maggie MacDonald Defar is in the dark depths of the sea, a camera is looking for goods from the shipwreck.
Moya Crawford is at the control center.
What is her goal? Gold? Silver?
If you're lucky, it's more like zinc, or rubber, or copper.
Why would someone want Brave ice?
Cold temperatures, rough waters and storms
Forcibly looking for corroded garbage?
Crawford tells everything in her book deep water.
Maggie MacDonald ventured out of her warm dry desk to meet the woman who worked in Valhalla.
What is your most exciting salvage business?
My best moments are always when a property first appears on the deck.
It's different every time.
But in 1992, we did break the record of the depth of the world's salvage, when the French cargo ship Francois viyer crashed along the Atlantic coast of Spain.
The depth of the ship is 1250.
Mount benives is almost as deep as the highest mountain in Britain.
There is a batch of precious copper.
We take the goods out of the cargo hold through a space not more than 5 metres wide, the width of which is equivalent to a common roof.
No one has done this before.
We have broken the government's existing record of salvage depth twice.
Sponsored Foundations and multinational corporations.
When huge grabs appear at the tail of the ship and tilt from one side to the other, it is the culmination of 17 years of hard work to develop the technology we use.
Get dragged on board.
In the cab, the switch is flick, it opens with trembling, and six curved limbs are stripped outward, almost revealing talon-
Just like the claws when it removes the copper sheet.
The sea you like best, the sea you like best?
I always want to see the new Ocean instead of going back to the old one.
The sea is changeable, no matter how much you like it, it will bring you difficulties.
I would love to work in the South Pole, but there is not much debris there.
The light and atmosphere there you can't find anywhere else.
Although I hate the cold, I want to know more about it.
But I don't have enough time for a day.
There are other places in the world that I would love to go --
Pacific Ocean, Mariana Trench.
How did you get into the ocean?
My first involvement was at the age of 17 when I was involved in the underwater demolition of the RMS ocean and crashed near Fula island in the western Shetland Islands.
Then I married a salvage man named Alec Crawford.
You are a small company that pushes the boundaries of salvage technology.
What are the innovations in your approach?
We have developed ways to provide power, precision and lift at any depth.
Divers obviously can't lift up a lot of metal, which is why the cargo has to be towed with a remote control tool controlled from the ship.
We have applied for a patent for a "umbilical cord" system that can operate in waters several thousand metres deep.
The remote cable carrying the camera is used to locate the goods.
Nowadays, in order to lift the goods, synthetic optical cables are discarded instead of metal optical cables.
Up to 450 tons of fiber optic cables.
It's not just salvage, it's also interesting.
Recently, geophysical scientists have asked us to provide some technology to help investigate the bottom of the Caspian Sea.
We are also developing a new fishing ship that will remain stable on the rough seas.
Who did you find?
In general, the insurance company.
We charge fees and get a percentage of the net value of the recovery.
We usually work with the London Salvage Association, which holds information about shipwrecks around the world and acts as an agent for insurance companies.
Britain also has many shipwrecks belonging to the country.
This is because the merchant ship that sank during the two world wars was compensated by the government war risk insurance program in which the owner was compensated in exchange for ownership of the wreck.
According to British law, there is no need for permission to salvage these shipwrecks in British waters.
You can take back the property, but you can't sell it.
If the owner cannot be found within one year and one day, the materials salvaged will become official property.
Have you ever found something really valuable?
Yes, this is our life.
For example, they may look like corroded garbage, but the steel plate of the British Navy cruiser HMS Argyll is valuable, and it crashed near the falls Bay in 1940 seconds.
They are smelted before the atmosphere is contaminated with nuclear radiation and can be reused to make sensitive scanning equipment, as well as various forms of stainless steel from tools to tableware.
From Buitenzorg, who crashed en route from Madras to Dundee on 1941, we found the rubber --
Pure latex bags are still worth recycling.
Sometimes the record is incorrect.
For example, even after partial salvage,
The owner of SS Manipur, who crashed in Cape rage on 1940, is estimated to have at least 110 tons of copper and 500 tons of zinc, worth about 350.
But unfortunately, most of the goods were taken away.
How many remains are there, any debris that is out of range?
The World tens of thousands of people have.
However, few are available for salvage.
According to British law, there are two kinds of shipwreck.
A commercial vessel applicable to civil use that can only be carried out in territorial waters.
Another military remains applied to British and international waters.
Some have been designated war graves where the loss is so great that they may not be touched.
Have you ever been surprised by what you found?
We found tube worms on the wreckage of François Vieljeux.
When they came up, we knew we hadn't seen them before, and we wanted to know what they were.
We don't have any preservatives on board, not even a bottle of gin, because sadly we are a dry ship.
They are locked in the water and I know it's wrong to do so now.
We should put them in the sun and let them dry on the deck.
But there has been no evidence of insects in the eastern Atlantic.
Do scientists believe you?
When I first told them, no.
I went to a meeting in central England.
Ocean Ridge initiative (BRIDGE)
The worms at Durham 1992 and then were really foul and smelly.
A marine biologist mentioned the insects. I said:
"Oh, I think there are subway worms on our wreckage.
"He said it was impossible because they were one metre long and unknown in the eastern part of the Atlantic Ocean.
"But we are one metre long," I said . "
"Look, I have it in my bag.
I will show it to you.
"I took out a scientific slander from my handbag, but actually the jar came out of my briefcase.
They were surprised because our tube worm was the first to be found in the area.
This is one of the first evidence of how far the larvae can travel in the water.
Tell me about your new boat only, it looks like an egg timer based on the 19 th
The principle of the century proposed by William Froud, father of water dynamics.
If you reduce the Hull area at the waterline, the ship will move slightly on the rough seas.
The waterline is the one that gets the most from the waves.
We have 1000 boats. tonne cargo-
Carrying capacity and winches, and their ownpropelled.
The idea is to make it possible for a ship with extremely low operating costs to operate in the worst weather and to make your work on the bottom of the sea precise.
We think it will open the ocean.
The project attracted £ 15 million in funding, involving the University of Newcastle at Bedford and the University of Cranfield.
Cranfield is doing very interesting work with a gyro, which helps fine-tune the stability of the vessel.
We compared them to 1 million tons of gyroscope, built in the 1930 s, which is exciting engineering.
What are you more interested in & colon;
Is it Engineering or Shipwreck archaeology?
I am interested in engineering as we need to design the equipment in order to do the archaeological work correctly and save the cost
Especially in deep water.
The conflict between salvage and archaeology is often seen.
But only when some archaeologists think something has cultural value can we have conflicts. We say:
"Wait a minute, guys, you know this is still the property of the insurance company.
"But for ancient shipwrecks, ownership is not in conflict because they are often owned by the state.
Some of the most fascinating archaeological discoveries were found in the Black Sea, because it is oxygen-deficient below about 100 m, so the remains are well preserved.
It's a hard life and it's not easy to work uncomfortable.
But you have a certain span on this earth and you have to do what you can.
We have goals that we want to achieve in the ocean, and skills that others don't have.
This is not compensation, but because we have invented and developed new technologies through our salvage operations, thus opening up the ocean.
Where are you going next?
Our next remains are located below 3500 metres in the middle of the Mediterranean.
I don't want to name the deal until it's signed.
The weather will be better for us.
The rise in the Mediterranean may be bad, but it is not as bad as the Atlantic Ocean.