all about/packaging; learning to wrap products in less -- or nothing at all - plastic water bottle suppliers
1992 this is a digital version of an article from The Times Print Archive, before it starts online in 1996.
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Packaging is a major product that is ubiquitous in modern life and is a big business that adds up to $70 billion a year to the country's economy.
It protects the goods from tampering and beating during the process from the factory to the store.
It can save food and help to sell products internally.
This also provides a new way to reduce costs for financially strapped local governments, which bear the cost of garbage disposal.
Various state law initiatives will force manufacturers to take responsibility for the package after it is sold, thus reducing the fastest package
The components of the garbage crisis are growing, accounting for more than 30% of the national urban solid waste.
"While states like New York cannot afford shelters for teachers, police, homeless people and disabled people --
"Time subway, packaging manufacturers impose millions of dollars on us every day without thinking about it," said Alan Hershkowitz, a scientist at the National Resource Protection Commission.
Environmental activists believe that the extra packaging includes the boxes of perfume bottles, which are covered in plastic packaging; single-
The waste package from providing food per ounce is far more than the larger food.
The size of the service and the package is 10 times the size of the disk itself.
How much can the "date and tax rate" law be recycled, and when advertising became one of the most watched state actions, Massachusetts introduced a bill last year proposing a ban in the medium term
Any package that does not meet certain reuse or recycling standards in 1990s.
Despite its death at the end of this year, environmental activists are now trying to restore it.
The bill is known in the industry as a "date and rate" measure, and many environmental activists expect it to be used as a prototype in other states.
Specifically, it will ban packaging by July 1, 1996, which cannot be reused at least five times, 25% of raw materials are not recyclable and 25% of the contents are not recyclable.
Demand for recycling will increase to 35% by 1999 and to 50% by 2000.
The bill was passed by the House and supported by the governor.
But it died in the Senate.
The bill was strongly opposed by manufacturers and retailers of packaged goods, arguing that the recycling task was impractical where there was no recycling facility or where the recycling facility was very limited.
There is now only one plastic, the material found in large water bottles, which is being commercially recycled, so most plastic packaging is actually prohibited under the law.
"Dates and prices will ban the safest and most effective food packaging," said Jeffrey Nederman, vice president of the Grocery Manufacturers Association, who is one of the main opponents of this measure.
For example, he says there are no good alternatives to plastic foam and transparent packaging for packaging meat.
"Safeway tried to go back to the cardboard that was used as an experiment in Oregon 20 years ago, but failed," Mr SafewayNedelman said.
"Cardboard absorbs blood and sticks to the meat after freezing.
"Even so, supporters of this measure, led by the Massachusetts Public Interest Research Group, intend to try again in the legislature, and if voters fail, plan to offer them in the fall vote.
"We have signatures, so if we don't have a legislative agreement by the end of May, we will continue," said Amy Perry, an official at Masspirg . ", As you know.
At the same time, similar bills are being submitted at other state and federal levels.
"We are looking into six states with serious dates and rate legislation this year," he said . "Nedelman.
He said that it is not clear what will happen to Congress, but he pointed out that the representative of Al Swift, a Democratic member of Washington, and chairman of the key subcommittee of the Energy and Commerce Committee, he proposed a bill to follow the example of the Massachusetts proposal.
Another suggestion is to establish a ratio between the product and the package.
It will require no more than a certain percentage of the total amount of a project ---N. R. D. C.
It's packaging, not the product itself.
Stores can help to display products in advertisements. There is a precedent that manufacturers and retailers are responsible for the handling of packaging.
In Germany, manufacturers now need to collect and recycle cartons used to ship products to stores.
Over time, German retailers will have to allow customers to remove purchases from their packages and leave them in the store.
Some manufacturers and retailers have become aware of similar trends in the US and are changing their packaging.
The most famous example is the McDonald's 1990 plan to abandon the foam polystyrene burger box and switch to smaller paper and flexible plastic packaging.
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Sears, Roebuck and the company are working with suppliers to reduce packaging by 25% by the end of 1994.
The company estimates that one plan will be canceled.
By the end of 1994, 5 million tons were packaged annually, saving $5 million a year.
In some shops, Sears is displaying hand tools of its artisan brand, such as pliers and screwdrivers, on the shelves, without any packaging. Once the no-
The company said the package plan will expand to 500 stores and will eliminate 78 tons of plastic each year. Wal-
Supermarket and K-
Mart Corporation has previously started a similar package reduction program, although it is small.
In the beginning, the design problem is a new way to catch the eye of consumers, and this trend may bring benefits to packaging design companies.
"Most of our customers now list environmental friendliness as a design goal," said Richard Gerstman, managing partner of New York packaging design company Gerstman and Meyers.
"It didn't even show up a few years ago.
For example, he said hardware previously sold in cardboard and plastic "blister packaging" can now be displayed in boxes.
The blister package is usually opened to get the material inside and then discarded.
However, a box may be used to store unused components without entering the trash can immediately.
Some consumer goods marketers are reluctant to simplify or reduce packaging as this is the final sales job on store shelves. But Mr.
Gerstman says they can get a product logo without a large billboard.
In the past, he said, many bottled products also had cardboard containers.
When an external container is eliminated, the designer just makes the label on the bottle bigger and more eye-catching to get the shopper's eye, he said.
Competition from the recession is not good for recycling plans.
Last year, demand for recycled materials fell as manufacturers produced fewer and fewer products and the prices of raw materials fell.
Advertising while the materials made from recycled products are cheaper, manufacturers generally prefer the original materials because they are more readily available, among other things.
The material broker said that with the implementation of compulsory recycling projects in many parts of the country, glass, aluminum and plastic containers continued to flood into the collection center, regardless of the demand.
Prices plummeted due to insufficient demand due to oversupply.
According to the recycling times, a publication by the National Solid Waste Management Association, prices for glass containers, aluminum beverage cans and plastic bottles fell to near historical lows in 1991. By year-
According to the paper's price survey, the end green glass that imports wine and beer into the country is simply worthless.
According to the survey, the price paid by brokers for aluminum cans dropped from nearly 30 cents per pound at the beginning of the year to just over 20 cents per pound at the end of the year.
The value of transparent polyethylene terepthalate for large soda bottles dropped from 7 cents per pound to 1 cent. 2 cents.
The broker said prices could be strong this year and it is expected that the new plant will start processing recycled materials.
A version of this article was printed on page 3003008 of the National edition on January 19, 1992 with the title: All about/packaging;
Learn to pack products with less-